REDD+ lessons from Peru – CIFOR Forests News

President of the ese’ejja Infierno indigenous community in an area of ​​Madre di Dios in conflict with illegal loggers in 2014. Photo by Yoly Gutierrez/CIFOR

In our Infobrief, Lessons learned from early REDD+ initiatives to inform effective and equitable carbon mitigation efforts in Peruwe have summarized the lessons learned from the analysis of more than 10 years of implementation of two sub-national REDD+ projects in Peru.

We hope these lessons will be used by policy makers to improve the effectiveness and equity of some of the actions taken by the country as part of its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. tight. More than half of the greenhouse gases emitted in Peru come from the expansion or establishment of new agricultural areas.

In its NDC update to the Paris Agreement, Peru agreed to unconditionally reduce its emissions by 30% by 2030 and a further 10% subject to international support. To meet these commitments, Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) must be implemented to ensure effective and equitable results.

The Government has thus emphasized eight REDD+ efforts: 1) sustainable agricultural production (zero deforestation); 2) sustainable forest management; 3) mitigation and adaptation in indigenous, Andean and coastal communities; 4) community forest management; 5) forest conservation in indigenous and peasant communities; 6) titling, control and governance in indigenous and peasant communities, with community monitoring; 7) strengthening conservation areas; and 8) afforestation, reforestation and restoration.

We noted that there have been around 35 initial REDD+ initiatives in the Peruvian Amazon since 2008, so knowing the true impact of at least some of these should be useful for everyone involved, including donor agencies, practitioners, participants and governments. With the impact of the climate crisis rapidly escalating, such knowledge is urgently needed to design more effective and equitable mitigation efforts.

In the Infobriefwhich is also published in Spanish, we analyzed the evaluations of two projects in the Madre de Dios and Ucayali regions of the Peruvian Amazon, which had been included in the Global comparative study on REDD+ led by CIFOR.

We found that the two projects did not significantly affect forest cover or the incomes of people living in the affected areas. There was, however, a noticeable impact on people’s well-being.

Slow and limited funding in both cases had a negative impact on results. Voluntary carbon markets have been used as the main source of funding, but the volatile nature of the markets has worked against implementation.

Other important findings were that land tenure insecurity always leads to difficulties – such as external non-participants engaging in agricultural intensification, mining and illegal logging – and that their original designs did not include factors associated with higher levels of environmental effectiveness, such as spatial targeting, personalized rewards, and conditionality of the rewards provided.

We make several recommendations. First, decisions about mitigation policies, strategies and actions must be based on solid evidence to ensure a positive impact on both forest conservation and improved livelihoods. Second, intervening in areas at greatest risk of deforestation should be a priority. Third, control and compliance systems should include principles of transparency, fairness and progressiveness. Fourth, activities must be planned in a regular and participatory manner to manage unreasonable expectations of some groups regarding potential environmental and socio-economic outcomes.

Please download the infobrief to read in detail.

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